1374SEHR FEINE IKONE MIT DER HÖLLENFAHRT UND AUFERSTEHUNG CHRISTI MI Auction: 93-II
SEHR FEINE IKONE MIT DER HÖLLENFAHRT UND AUFERSTEHUNG CHRISTI MI
Holztafel mit zwei Rückseiten-Sponki, verso Stoffabdeckung. Doppeltes Kowtscheg, Eitempera auf Kreidegrund, partielle Vergoldung
A VERY FINE ICON SHOWING THE RESURRECTION OF CHRIST AND THE DESCENT INTO HELL WITH A BASMA Russian, 17th century Tempera on wood panel with double kovcheg. This icon is an example of the complex version of the Resurrection of Christ, presenting a combination of the iconography of the Descent into Hell and the Resurrection from the Tomb, which first appeared in Russian art in the early 17th century. In both scenes Christ is shown surrounded by a mandorla (representing shining light and glory). The upper part of the panel presents the Resurrection scene with Jesus standing on his closed tomb, his hands raised in a benedictory gesture. The lower portion of the composition depicts the Descent into Hell, showing Christ trampling upon the broken gates to hell. Christ is depicted descending into the inferno, welcoming a group of righteous men dressed in white, walking up from the bottom left corner towards him. To his left is a kneeling figure of Adam rising from the dead, whom the Savior is leading by the hand. This scene illustrates the main event of the Gospel when the Savior redeemed the first man's sin by his death and saved him. For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive. The border overlaid with a finely engraved basma. Minor losses. 36.5 x 31.5 cm.